Package zlib

import "compress/zlib"
Overview
Index
Examples
Documentation

Overview

Package zlib implements reading and writing of zlib format compressed data, as specified in RFC 1950.

The implementation provides filters that uncompress during reading and compress during writing. For example, to write compressed data to a buffer:

var b bytes.Buffer
w := zlib.NewWriter(&b)
w.Write([]byte("hello, world\n"))
w.Close()

and to read that data back:

r, err := zlib.NewReader(&b)
io.Copy(os.Stdout, r)
r.Close()

Index

Constants
Variables
func NewReader(r io.Reader) (io.ReadCloser, error)
func NewReaderDict(r io.Reader, dict []byte) (io.ReadCloser, error)
type Resetter
type Writer
func NewWriter(w io.Writer) *Writer
func NewWriterLevel(w io.Writer, level int) (*Writer, error)
func NewWriterLevelDict(w io.Writer, level int, dict []byte) (*Writer, error)
func (z *Writer) Close() error
func (z *Writer) Flush() error
func (z *Writer) Reset(w io.Writer)
func (z *Writer) Write(p []byte) (n int, err error)

Examples

NewReader
NewWriter

Documentation

Constants

const (
    NoCompression      = flate.NoCompression
    BestSpeed          = flate.BestSpeed
    BestCompression    = flate.BestCompression
    DefaultCompression = flate.DefaultCompression
    HuffmanOnly        = flate.HuffmanOnly
)

These constants are copied from the flate package, so that code that imports "compress/zlib" does not also have to import "compress/flate".

Variables

var (
    // ErrChecksum is returned when reading ZLIB data that has an invalid checksum.
    ErrChecksum = errors.New("zlib: invalid checksum")
    // ErrDictionary is returned when reading ZLIB data that has an invalid dictionary.
    ErrDictionary = errors.New("zlib: invalid dictionary")
    // ErrHeader is returned when reading ZLIB data that has an invalid header.
    ErrHeader = errors.New("zlib: invalid header")
)

func NewReader

func NewReader(r io.Reader) (io.ReadCloser, error)

NewReader creates a new io.ReadCloser. Reads from the returned io.ReadCloser read and decompress data from r. If r does not implement io.ByteReader, the decompressor may read more data than necessary from r. It is the caller's responsibility to call Close on io.ReadCloser when done.

The returned io.ReadCloser also implements Resetter.

Code:

buff := []byte{120, 156, 202, 72, 205, 201, 201, 215, 81, 40, 207,
    47, 202, 73, 225, 2, 4, 0, 0, 255, 255, 33, 231, 4, 147}
b := bytes.NewReader(buff)

r, err := zlib.NewReader(b)
if err != nil {
    panic(err)
}
io.Copy(os.Stdout, r)
// Output: hello, world
r.Close()

Output:

hello, world

func NewReaderDict

func NewReaderDict(r io.Reader, dict []byte) (io.ReadCloser, error)

NewReaderDict is like NewReader but uses a preset dictionary. NewReaderDict ignores the dictionary if the compressed data does not refer to it. If the compressed data refers to a different dictionary, NewReaderDict returns ErrDictionary.

The returned io.ReadCloser also implements Resetter.

type Resetter

type Resetter interface {
    // Reset discards any buffered data and resets the Resetter as if it was
    // newly initialized with the given reader.
    Reset(r io.Reader, dict []byte) error
}

Resetter resets a io.ReadCloser returned by NewReader or NewReaderDict to to switch to a new underlying Reader. This permits reusing a io.ReadCloser instead of allocating a new one.

type Writer

type Writer struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

A Writer takes data written to it and writes the compressed form of that data to an underlying writer (see NewWriter).

func NewWriter

func NewWriter(w io.Writer) *Writer

NewWriter creates a new Writer. Writes to the returned Writer are compressed and written to w.

It is the caller's responsibility to call Writer.Close when done. Writes may be buffered and not flushed until Close.

Code:

var b bytes.Buffer

w := zlib.NewWriter(&b)
w.Write([]byte("hello, world\n"))
w.Close()
fmt.Println(b.Bytes())

Output:

[120 156 202 72 205 201 201 215 81 40 207 47 202 73 225 2 4 0 0 255 255 33 231 4 147]

func NewWriterLevel

func NewWriterLevel(w io.Writer, level int) (*Writer, error)

NewWriterLevel is like NewWriter but specifies the compression level instead of assuming DefaultCompression.

The compression level can be DefaultCompression, NoCompression, HuffmanOnly or any integer value between BestSpeed and BestCompression inclusive. The error returned will be nil if the level is valid.

func NewWriterLevelDict

func NewWriterLevelDict(w io.Writer, level int, dict []byte) (*Writer, error)

NewWriterLevelDict is like NewWriterLevel but specifies a dictionary to compress with.

The dictionary may be nil. If not, its contents should not be modified until the Writer is closed.

func Writer.Close

func (z *Writer) Close() error

Close closes the Writer, flushing any unwritten data to the underlying io.Writer, but does not close the underlying io.Writer.

func Writer.Flush

func (z *Writer) Flush() error

Flush flushes the Writer to its underlying io.Writer.

func Writer.Reset

func (z *Writer) Reset(w io.Writer)

Reset clears the state of the Writer z such that it is equivalent to its initial state from NewWriterLevel or NewWriterLevelDict, but instead writing to w.

func Writer.Write

func (z *Writer) Write(p []byte) (n int, err error)

Write writes a compressed form of p to the underlying io.Writer. The compressed bytes are not necessarily flushed until the Writer is closed or explicitly flushed.